New Educational Policy: All You Need To Know
On July 29th, 2020, in a revolutionary turn of events for the first time in 34 years, the Government of India put in place a new education policy that is slated to be implemented this year onward. If you’ve been following the news for a few days now, you might have gotten a gist of what the new education policy in India holds for you, or you might be a tad bit confused about it. To make things easier and give you all the highlights of the policy, we’ve curated some in-depth information for you right here.
Whether you’re set to prepare for your 10th and 12th boards or your IIT JEE entrances, this new education policy 2020 affects us all. A new education policy usually comes along every few decades and India has had three of these to date. The first came in 1968 and the second in 1986, under Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi respectively; the NEP of 1986 was revised in 1992 when P V Narasimha Rao was Prime Minister.
The third is the new education policy 2020, which was released on Wednesday under the Prime Ministership of Narendra Modi. Following the policy, there are changes made in several facets of the education system, and here’s what you need to know about it.
Upon analyzing the new education policy in India, it is evident that these are the prime changes that are slated to take over the Indian education spectrum.
● The new education policy proposes the opening up of Indian higher education to foreign universities, along with a swooping dismantling of the UGC and the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE),
● Through the proposal, a four-year multidisciplinary undergraduate program with multiple exit options is slated to go on floors and the discontinuation of the
● M Phil’s program is thought of.
● In the purview of school education, the policy focuses on overhauling the existing curriculum, puts forth the notion of “easier” and less-demanding Board exams, a reduction in the syllabus to retain “core essentials” and thrust on “experiential learning and critical thinking”.
● With a vision to turn colleges and universities into multi-disciplinary institutions, the policy also proposes phasing out of all institutions offering single streams, with a transitional period that extends up to 2040.
● Departments in Languages, Literature, Music, Philosophy, Indology, Art, Dance, Theatre, Education, Mathematics, Statistics, Pure and Applied Sciences, Sociology, Economics, Sports, Translation, and Interpretation, etc. will be introduced in all higher education institutions.
The 5+3+3+4 Move:
In a paradigm shift from the education policy of 1986, the new education policy 2020 has pitched for a “5+3+3+4” design corresponding to the age groups 3-8 years (foundational stage), 8-11 (preparatory), 11-14 (middle), and 14-18 (secondary).
This brings early childhood education (also known as pre-school education for children of ages 3 to 5) under the ambit of formal schooling.
The NEP further states students should be taught in their mother tongue or regional language until Class 5. As for private schools, it’s unlikely that they will be asked to change their medium of instruction. Emphasizing on the possible concerns and repercussions of this move, especially on children coming from multi-lingual and transferable jobs, the policymakers stated that, “Teachers will be encouraged to use a bilingual approach, including bilingual teaching-learning materials, with those students whose home language may be different from the medium of instruction.”
Furthermore, every student will be taught a vocational skill of his/ her choice by the time they complete their schooling. Students will also be taught coding from Class VI. From 6th grade, candidates will have to do internships of 10 days with local trades or crafts.
The Multidisciplinary Bachelors Program:
Under the four-year Bachelor program proposed in the new education policy, students can exit after one year with a certificate, after two years with a diploma, and after three years with a bachelor’s degree.
“Four-year bachelor’s programs generally include a certain amount of research work and the student will get deeper knowledge in the subject he or she decides to major in. After four years, a BA student should be able to enter a research degree program directly depending on how well he or she has performed… However, master’s degree programs will continue to function as they do, following which student may choose to carry on for a Ph.D. program,” said scientist and former UGC chairman V S Chauhan.
What’s in store for IIT’s and other higher-learning institutions:
Under the new education policy 2020, all higher education institutes like the IIT’s and IIM’s across India will have to harbor a more holistic approach towards education. These institutions will be required to provide multidisciplinary education with arts and humanities embedded within curriculums.
According to the NEP 2020, there will be a single common entrance exam for admission to all higher education institutes which will be held by NTA. The entrance exam will be optional and not mandatory.
Now that you have a core understanding of how the new education policy is set to change the educational landscape of the country, make sure you get a great head-start at education with the best coaching classes in Pune. Start your journey with Tutoratti now! Visit https://centers.tutoratti.com/ or call +91-8484818247.